Learning the basics of building a fire is important whether you like to go camping or not. You might find yourself in need of light and warmth no matter who you are. Being able to build a fire can even be essential for survival if you get stranded for very long. You can feel more at ease if you learn some of these basics.
You need an ignition source if you are going to build a fire. The most common ways to start a fire are a lighter, matches, or a ferro rod fire starter but there are a lot of different ways to do it. A magnifying glass, flint, sticks, or even wet matches are all ways that you can also start a fire. There are several kinds of wood that you will need to gather to build a good fire. The first is tinder. This is very flammable and very lightweight. It catches fire before everything else. It may need to burn long enough to dry out your kindling if it is wet. You can make tinder out of bark or sticks by using a knife. Dead plants, grass, lint, moss, paper, or dry needles from pine trees can also be used.
Kindling is the next thing that you need to gather. This is smaller than the larger sticks and logs, but it is bigger than your tinder. You can use things like dry twigs, cardboard, or cut up pieces of wood for kindling. Once you have the types of wood gathered, you are ready to start building the fire. Enclose a cleared out circle with rocks to keep the fire contained and away from anything that you don't want to burn.
You will first put the kindling into the fire pit. The fire needs to be able to easily spread to all the kindling, but there also needs to be good airflow to keep the fire burning strong. The tinder needs to go on top of the kindling. Start the fire with the tinder and watch it spread to the kindling. Once it starts to spread, gradually add more kindling. To increase the heat and intensity you can slowly blow air on the fire. You can start adding bigger pieces of wood only when the fire is going nicely. Always start small and save the larger pieces for last. Check out the best survival fire starter at this link for more details.
Making the wood into a teepee is the most common and effective way of building a fire. You can also construct a log cabin by creating 4 walls around the kindling. This creates a more uniform heat so it is better for cooking. Fires can also take the shape of a pyramid or lean-to. It is important to at least know one way to start a fire, so no matter which way you choose to learn, at least learn one. Check out http://www.ehow.com/how_2466_start-fire-without-matches.html for more tips. You may also be interested in this info on putting together a fire starter kit.